1. Explains procedure, speaking clearly, slowly and directly, maintaining face-to-face contact whenever possible
  2. Privacy is provided with a curtain, screen or door
  3. Before turning, lowers head of bed
  4. Raises side rail on side to which body will be turned
  5. Slowly rolls onto side as one unit toward raised side rail
  6. Places or adjusts pillow under head for support
  7. Client is positioned so that client is not lying on arm
  8. Supports top arm with supportive device
  9. Places supportive device behind client’s back
  10. Places supportive device between legs with top knee flexed; knee and ankle supported
  11. Signaling device is within reach and bed is in low position
  12. Washes hands